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The Secrets Behind Cat Behaviour: Exploring Feline Psychology


Cats are among the most popular pets worldwide but often remain enigmatic and misunderstood. Their behaviour can be puzzling, leaving many cat owners scratching their heads in confusion. This blog offers a comprehensive guide to understanding cat behaviour, drawing from scientific research to explore various aspects of feline psychology. We'll delve into cognitive enrichment, social dynamics, sensory preferences, lifestyle factors, and even the impact of ageing on behaviour.

Cognitive Enrichment: More Than Just Play

Cats are highly intelligent creatures that require mental stimulation to stay happy and healthy. A study by Gourkow and Phillips (2016) found that cognitive enrichment can lead to positive effects, stimulate the secretion of IgA (an antibody), and reduce the incidence of respiratory diseases in cats1. Engaging your cat in activities like puzzle toys, interactive play, or simple training exercises can significantly improve their well-being.

Aggression in Cats: A Closer Look

Aggression is common in cats, affecting nearly half of the feline population. Research by Ramos and Mills (2009) revealed that aggression towards humans is often linked to stress and sensitivity to being stroked2. This highlights the importance of understanding your cat's triggers and boundaries. For instance, some cats may not enjoy being touched in certain areas, such as their belly or paws. Recognising these triggers can help in managing aggressive behaviours more effectively.

The Intricacies of Cat Social Dynamics

Contrary to the stereotype of cats as solitary creatures, they are pretty social. A study by Bos and Buning (2010) found that higher-ranking cats in a group setting displayed more offensive threats and social licking3. Understanding the social hierarchy among cats can help in better managing multi-cat households. Providing separate resources like food bowls, litter boxes, and resting spots is crucial to minimise conflicts.

Sensory Preferences: A Cat's Worldview

Cats rely heavily on their senses, particularly smell and sight. Research by Mayes et al. (2015) demonstrated that cats could use olfactory cues without visual cues4. This explains why cats are often seen sniffing objects, marking territories, and showing a keen interest in scents. Understanding this sensory preference can help cat owners create a more enriching environment by using scent diffusers or providing visually stimulating toys.

Separation Anxiety: Not Just a Dog's Issue

Separation anxiety is commonly associated with dogs, but it's a condition that affects cats as well. A study by Machado et al. (2020) developed a questionnaire to identify behaviours related to separation-related problems in cats5. Symptoms can range from excessive vocalisation to destructive behaviour when left alone. Recognising these signs early on can help implement gradual desensitisation strategies to manage the issue effectively. You can also try cat anxiety and calming products

Lifestyle Factors and Their Impact

The lifestyle of a cat can significantly influence its behaviour. Research by Hellard et al. (2011) showed that owned and unowned cats living in the same area exhibited different behavioural and physiological characteristics6. This suggests that factors like indoor vs. outdoor living, the presence of other pets, and even the owner's lifestyle can impact a cat's behaviour.

The Impact of Aging on Feline Behaviour

Ageing in cats brings about various behavioural changes. Studies have shown age-dependent changes in locomotor activity, fine motor coordination, and reactivity to auditory stimuli7. Telomeres, the protective ends of chromosomes, are also implicated in the ageing process8. Understanding these changes can help owners adapt care routines to meet their cats' needs. You can try specialist senior wet and dry cats foods as well as supplements

Medical Factors Influencing Behaviour

Sudden changes in behaviour can often be a sign of underlying medical issues. Conditions like hyperthyroidism, arthritis, or dental disease can manifest as behavioural changes. Therefore, any sudden or unexplained changes in your cat's behaviour warrant a visit to the veterinarian.

Dietary Influence on Aging and Behaviour

Dietary manipulation in cats may modify aspects of the ageing process. A long-term study demonstrated survival and health benefits from feeding a diet supplemented with antioxidants, fatty acids, and a prebiotic source9. You can find various cat well-being products here. 


Understanding cat behaviour is fascinating and crucial for a harmonious relationship between cats and their pet parents. Scientific research provides invaluable insights into the complex world of feline psychology, helping us become more educated and empathetic caregivers. From cognitive needs to social dynamics and sensory preferences, each aspect of cat behaviour offers a window into their unique personalities and needs.


Note: This blog is based on scientific research and aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of cat behaviour. However, individual cats may exhibit unique behaviours not covered here.


  1. Effect of cognitive enrichment on behaviour, mucosal immunity and upper respiratory disease of shelter cats rated as frustrated on arrival
  2. Human-directed aggression in Brazilian domestic cats: Owner reported prevalence, contexts and risk factors
  3. Social Behaviour of Domestic Cats (Felis lybica f. catus L.): A Study of Dominance in a Group of Female Laboratory Cats
  4. Individual differences in visual and olfactory cue preference and use by cats (Felis catus)
  5. Identification of separation-related problems in domestic cats: A questionnaire survey
  6. When cats' ways of life interact with their viruses: a study in 15 natural populations of owned and unowned cats (Felis silvestris catus)
  7. Sensory, motor and cognitive alterations in aged cats
  8. A cohort study of telomere and telomerase biology in cats
  9. Feeding old cats--an update on new nutritional therapies

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